People with high blood pressure that also have high blood sugar, elevated blood cholesterol or kidney damage face even higher risk of heart attacks and stroke. It is possible for many people to lower their blood pressure by making healthy changes to their diet and lifestyle. People in stage 3 hypertension tend to suffer from secondary hypertension, which is a form of high blood pressure with known causes such as kidney disease, hormonal disease (e.g. gland tumour, hyperthyroidism), lead poisoning, head injuries and pregnancy.
High blood pressure happens, and it happens a lot: One in three American adults struggles with the condition, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention If you have high blood pressure (aka hypertension), your doctor has probably recommended you make certain lifestyle tweaks and may have even put you on medication for your condition. Because hypertension is a silent disease, it is important to have your blood pressure checked regularly and to take steps to maintain your blood pressure within the normal range. By taking steps to lower your blood pressure, you can reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure.
High blood pressure is called the silent killer because it often has no warning signs or symptoms, and many people don’t realize they have it. That’s why it’s important to get your blood pressure checked regularly. Sometimes the doctor may diagnose you after a fewer number of readings, depending on how high above normal your blood pressure is and if you have other medical conditions. There are marked gender differences in what drives blood pressure in middle-age in adulthood, suggesting the need for gender-specific treatments for high blood pressure, according to research presented today at the American Heart Association (AHA) Council on Hypertension, AHA Council on Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease, American Society of Hypertension Joint Scientific Sessions 2017, in San Francisco.
For example, an increase in the amount of blood pumped out by the heart—which tends to increase blood pressure—causes dilation of blood vessels and an increase in the kidneys’ excretion of sodium and water—which tend to reduce blood pressure. Lifestyle factors that reduce blood pressure include weight reduction (average 1 mmHg per kg lost), regular aerobic exercise, low salt diet and alcohol restriction. Increased blood pressure may put a strain on the heart and damage the sensitive blood vessels in our eyes and kidneys, cause bleeding in the brain, and even lead certain arteries to balloon and rupture.
Lifestyle changes are important to help control high blood pressure, especially if you have other risk factors for coronary artery disease and stroke. This is because some people become anxious in medical clinics, which can cause the blood pressure to rise, a condition called white coat hypertension. Around five per cent of high blood pressure cases are caused by kidney disease, hormone disorders, a narrowing of the aorta or as a side effect of medicines including steroids and the contraceptive pill, or a condition called pre-eclampsia which can occur in pregnancy.